Venezuelans younger than 30 (majority of the pop) have not known any govt other than that of Hugo Chávez or Maduro. For them, “Chavismo” is the past…Blaming the CIA, the “fascist opposition,” or “dark international forces,” as Nicolas Maduro and his allies customarily do, has become fodder for parodies flooding YouTube. The concrete effects of 15 years of Chavismo are all too visible in empty shelves and overflowing morgues. The youth who are continuing to protest in almost all of Venezuela’s large cities, risking brutal beatings, savage torture, and death, are convinced that they will not have a better future unless the policies to which this government is strongly committed are changed. And the only government promise they believe is its pledge to stay the course regardless of results or what its opponents say.